How to cite

Below are some guidelines and real-life examples for in-text citations and references in your papers in the APA, Chicago, Harvard, ISO 690 and Vancouver citation styles. In addition to providing an indicator of quality, by citing correctly you respect copyright and avoid plagiarism. 

A girl looking at books in a library

Useful citation tools

Reference managers

There are reference management tools available that can be used to store and manage your digital library and automatically generate lists of references for your academic papers.

At the UOC, we recommend the following two:

Mendeley has a browser extension for saving references from the websites you consult and a plug-in for Microsoft Word for the automatic creation of bibliographies based on your collection of references. 

If you use automatic citation tools, bear  in mind the guidelines for citations for each style and make sure you review the resulting bibliography afterwards.

Other tools