Vancouver style

These are the general criteria for citations as per the Vancouver style.

We recommend an adapted version of the Vancouver style (in the Options for author names guidelines), which includes the full name of the author, to make women more visible in bibliographies.

Choose the citation style:

APA Style

Chicago Style

Harvard Style

ISO 690 Style

Vancouver Style

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. Article title. Journal title. Year of publication Month;volume number(issue number):start page number–end page number.

  • EXAMPLE

    Puigventós, Francesc; Riera, Melcior; Delibes, Carla; Peñaranda, María; De la Fuente, Laura; Boronat, Assumpció. Estudios de adherencia a los fármacos antirretrovirales: una revisión sistemática. Med Clin (Barc). 2002 Jun;119(4):130-7.

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. Blog post title. Date blog post [cited ]. In: Blog Author or Blog editor. Blog title [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher or Organization. Year of publication. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    Villarejo, Luis. ¿Cómo se aplica la realidad aumentada en el ámbito de la salud? 2019 Nov 28th [cited 12 January 2020]. In: Estudios de Ciencias de la Salud de la UOC. Salud con Ciencia [Internet]. Barcelona: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. 2019. Available from: https://cienciasdelasalud.blogs.uoc.edu/realidad-aumentada-en-salud/

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. Book title. Edition [if not first]. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication. Pagination.

  • EXAMPLE

    Ross, Michael H.; Pawlina, Wojciech. Histología: texto y atlas color con biología celular y molecular. 4th ed. Mexico: Médica Panamericana; 2013. 864 p.

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. Title of the chapter or part. In: Book title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication. p. start page number─end page number.

  • EXAMPLE

    Solanilla, Laura; Medina, Francesc Xavier. Chapter VII. Gastronomía y redes sociales: patrimonio gastronómico y blogs de cocina en Cataluña. In: Comida y mundo virtual: internet, redes sociales y representaciones visuales. Barcelona: Editorial UOC; 2017. p. 139-156.

  • STRUCTURE

    Editors of the conference proceedings. Title of the book. Name of the conference; date of the conference; place of the conference. Place of publication: publisher; year. Number of pages. Available at: URL.

  • EXAMPLE

    Van Pelt, Jaap; Kamermans, Maarten; Levelt, Christiaan N.; Van Ooyen, Arjen; Ramakers, Ger J. A.; Roelfsema, Pieter R., editors. Development, Dynamics, and Pathology of Neuronal Networks: From Molecules to Functional Circuits. Proceedings of the 23rd International Summer School of Brain Research; 2003 Aug 25-29; Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2005. p. 385 (Progress in Brain Research; vol. 147). Available at: https://www.elsevier.com/books/development-dynamics-and-pathology-of-neuronal-networks-from-molecules-to-functional-circuits/van-pelt/978-0-444-51663-3.

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. E-book title [internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication [cited ]. Number of pages. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    Bach-Faig, Anna; Esquius de la Zarza, Laura, editors. La Alimentación en la actividad física y el deporte [internet]. Barcelona: Editorial UOC; 2018 [cited 19 December 2019]. 667 p. Available from: https://www.editorialuoc.cat/la-alimentacion-en-la-actividad-fisica-y-el-deporte

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. Title of final project [bachelor's/master's degree final project on internet]. Place of publication: Institution; year of publication [cited ]. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    Puig Teixidor, Pilar. Solitud i persones grans institucionalitzades: Una visió des del treball social sanitari [master's degree final project on internet]. Barcelona: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; 2019 [cited 12 January 2020]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10609/99570

  • STRUCTURE

    Journal title. Place of publication: Publisher. Start publication year–(end publication year, if no longer published). ISSN.

  • EXAMPLE

    Journal of Medical Internet Research. Canada: JMIR Publications. 1999– . ISSN 1438-8871.

  • STRUCTURE

    Title of the law or decree. Publication title, number (day-month-year).

  • EXAMPLE

    Ley 17/2011, de 5 de julio, de seguridad alimentaria y nutrición. Official Gazette of the Government of Spain, no. 160 (06-07-2011).

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. Article title. Journal title [internet]. Year of publication Mon [cited ];volume number(issue number):start page number–end page number. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    Puigdomènech Puig, Elisa; Robles, Noemí; Saigí-Rubió, Francesc, et al. Assessment of the Efficacy, Safety, and Effectiveness of Weight Control and Obesity Management Mobile Health Interventions: Systematic Review. JMIR mHealth uHealth [internet]. 2019 Oct [cited 7 November 2019];7(10):e12612. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2196/12612

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. Image title [type of medium]. Year of creation. Museum or gallery name, place. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    Van Gogh, Vincent. Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear [painting]. 1889. The Courtauld Gallery, London. Available from: https://library.artstor.org/#/asset/ACOURTAULDIG_10313599362

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. [Username]. Text of the message up to a maximum of 40 words [tweet]. Date of publication. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    @UOCuniversitat. Un estudi de 2018 va revelar per primera vegada l'impacte negatiu que té el consum de cigarretes electròniques en la #salut cardíaca. Ens ho explica l'#expertUOC Antoni Baena a @UOCNews http://ow.ly/pIuM50vpn9e cc @UOCesalut [tweet]. 2019 August 22. Available from: https://twitter.com/UOCuniversitat/status/1164500047616196608?s=20

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. [Username]. Text of the message up to a maximum of 40 words [Facebook post]. Date of publication. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. El Deep Learning es uno de los motores de la revolución tecnológica en la inteligencia artificial. Investigadores de primer nivel mundial hablarán de ello en el Deep Learning Barcelona Symposium [Facebook post]. 2019 December 19. Available from: https://www.facebook.com/UOC.universitat/posts/10156600051736646

Video (YouTube or Vimeo)

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name [Username] or Editor. Video title [online video]. Date of publication. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    UOC - Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Benvinguts a la Biblioteca de la UOC [online video]. 2017 March 7. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fL3EdXW-Hpg

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name or ORGANIZATION. Software name [software]. Version (if available). Year (if available).

  • EXAMPLE

    IBM. SPSS [software]. Version 26. 2019.

  • STRUCTURE

    Standard title. Organization, number (day-month-year).

  • EXAMPLE

    UNE-CEN/TS 15633-2:2013 (Ratificada) Productos alimenticios. Detección de alérgenos alimentarios mediante métodos inmunológicos. Parte 2: Determinación de avellanas con un método de inmunoensayo enzimático. Asociación Española de Normalización y Certificación (01-06-2013).

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. Thesis title [thesis on internet]. Place of publication: Institution; year of publication [cited ]. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    Esquius de la Zarza, Laura. Greixos i esports de resistència: avaluació d'estratègies de suplementació aguda amb àcids grassos [thesis on internet]. Barcelona: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; 2017 [cited 12 January 2020]. Available from: https://tdx.cat/handle/10803/406121#page=1

  • STRUCTURE

    Author surname, author name. Learning resource title [learning resource]. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication [cited ]. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    Leiva Madueño, Isabel; Vázquez De Sebastián, Julia. Patologia del llenguatge [learning resource]. Barcelona: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; 2016 [cited 12 January 2020]. Available from: https://cataleg.uoc.edu/record=b1064158~S1*cat

  • STRUCTURE

    Author's surname, name, or name of the company that developed it. Name of the video game [video game]. Version (if available). Year (if available) [Accessed:]. Available at: URL.

  • EXAMPLE

    King Digital Entertainment. Candy Crush Saga [video game]. 2012 [Accessed: 1 June 2022]. Available at: https://www.king.com/game/candycrush.

  • STRUCTURE

    Author or Organitzation. Web page title [Internet]. Place of publication: Organization; year of publication [updated ; cited ]. Available from: URL

  • EXAMPLE

    National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus: información de salud para usted [Internet]. Bethesda: National Library of Medicine; 1998 [updated 10 January 2020; cited 12 January 2020]. Available from: https://medlineplus.gov/spanish