APA style

These are the general criteria for citations as per the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition).

We recommend an adapted version of the APA style, approved by the American Psychological Association, which includes the full name of the author, to make women more visible in bibliographies.

Choose the citation style:

APA Style

Chicago Style

Harvard Style

ISO 690 Style

Vancouver Style

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. (Year of publication).

Article title: Subtitle. Journal title: Subtitle, volume(number), start page number–end page number.
 

• EXAMPLE


Garita, R. [Renato]. (2010). Modelos y teorías computacionales de la memoria

humana: Un estado de la cuestión y análisis crítico. Revista Educación, 34(2), 75–94.
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. (Date of publication).

Blog post title [blog post]. Blog title. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


Estudis de Psicologia i Ciències de l'Educació. (2019, 27 November).

Educación, ¿para qué? [blog post]. Blog dels Estudis de Psicologia i Ciències de l’Educació. https://blogs.uoc.edu/epce/es/educacion-para-que/
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. (Year of publication).

Book title. Publisher.
 

• EXAMPLE


Moore, M. G. [Michael Grahame]. (ed.). (2013). Handbook of Distance

Education. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. (Year of publication).

Title of the chapter or part. In AUTHOR INITIALS [Author name] Autor surname, Book title (pp. start page number–end page number). Publisher.
 

• EXAMPLE


Egge, M. [Martin]. (2008). La práctica à plusieurs. In M. [Martin] Egge,

El tratamiento del niño autista (pp. 149–184). Gredos.
 

• STRUCTURE


Author (if stated). (Year of publication). Database name [online database].

URL
 

• EXAMPLE


ProQuest Information and Learning Company. (1971). Psychology Database

[online database]. https://about.proquest.com/products-services/pq_psychology_journ.html
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. (Year of publication).

E-book title: Subtitle. Publisher. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


Berger, K. S. [Kathleen Stassen]. (2016). Psicología del desarrollo: infancia

y adolescencia. Editorial Médica Panamericana. https://www.medicapanamericana.com/es/libro/psicologia-del-desarrollo-berger
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. (Year). Final project

title. [Bachelor's/Master's degree final project]. Department, Institution. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


Minguella, J. [Joana]. El mur europeu. Implicacions de l'Educació Social

amb persones refugiades: el cas de Síria. [Bachelor's degree final project]. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. http://hdl.handle.net/10609/93446
 

• STRUCTURE


Journal title: Subtitle (start publication year–end publication year, if no

longer published). Place of publication: Publisher. ISSN
 

• EXAMPLE


Annual Review of Psychology (1950– ). California: Annual Reviews.

ISSN 1545-2085
 

• STRUCTURE


Organization. Title of the law or decree, publication title, number (year of publication).
 

• EXAMPLE


Jefatura del Estado. Ley Orgánica 2/2006, de 3 de mayo, de Educación.

Official Gazette of the Government of Spain no. 106 (2006).
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. (Year of publication).

Online article title. Journal title, volume(number), start page number–end page number. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


Guasch, T. [Teresa], Espasa, A. [Anna] i Martinez-Melo, M. [Montserrat].

(2019). The art of questioning in online learning environments: the potentialities of feedback in writing. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 44(1), 111–123. https://doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2018.1479373
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. (Year of creation).

Image title [type of medium]. Museum or gallery name, place. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


Van Gogh, V. [Vincent]. (1889). Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear [painting].

The Courtauld Gallery, London. https://library.artstor.org/#/asset/ACOURTAULDIG_10313599362
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. [Username]. (Date of

publication). Text of the message up to a maximum of 40 words [tweet]. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


@UOCuniversitat. (2019, 22 August). Un estudi de 2018 va revelar per

primera vegada l'impacte negatiu que té el consum de cigarretes electròniques en la #salut cardíaca. Ens ho explica l'#expertUOC Antoni Baena a @UOCNews http://ow.ly/pIuM50vpn9e cc @UOCesalut [tweet]. https://twitter.com/UOCuniversitat/status/1164500047616196608?s=20
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. [Username]. (Date of

publication). Text of the message up to a maximum of 40 words [Facebook update]. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. (2019, 19 December). El Deep

Learning es uno de los motores de la revolución tecnológica en la inteligencia artificial. Investigadores de primer nivel mundial hablarán de ello en el Deep Learning Barcelona Symposium [Facebook update]. https://www.facebook.com/UOC.universitat/posts/10156600051736646
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. [Username] (Date of

publication). Video title [online video]. Production company or Publication channel. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


UOC - Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. (2017, 7 March). Benvinguts a la

Biblioteca de la UOC [online video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fL3EdXW-Hpg
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name] or ORGANIZATION. (Year).

Software name (version) [software].
 

• EXAMPLE


IBM. (2019). SPSS (v26) [software].
 

• STRUCTURE


Organization. (Year). Standard title: Subtitle (edition, from second onwards,

if stated). Place of publication: Publisher.
 

• EXAMPLE


Asociación Española de Normalización y Certificación. (2017). UNE 71362:2017:

Calidad de los materiales educativos digitales. Madrid: AENOR.
 

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. (Year of defence).

Thesis title. [Doctoral thesis, Department, Institution (thesis supervisor [optional])]. Database or Archive Name. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


Serarols, J. [Jordi]. (2019). La implementació de les TIC en els centres

d'ensenyament secundari de Catalunya: propostes d'organització i gestió a partir d'estudis de cas. [Doctoral thesis, eLearn Center, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (supervisor: Albert Sangrà Morer)]. TDX. https://tdx.cat/handle/10803/667316#page=1

• STRUCTURE


Author surname, AUTHOR INITIALS. [Author name]. (Year of publication).

Learning resource title [learning resource]. Retrieved from Organization. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


Díaz, C. [Cristina]. (2013). Psicologia de la percepció [learning resource].

Retrieved from the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya Campus, virtual classroom. https://cataleg.uoc.edu/record=b1025747~S1*cat
 

• STRUCTURE


Organization. (Year of last update). Web page title. URL
 

• EXAMPLE


Col·legi Oficial de Psicologia de Catalunya. (2019). Col·legi Oficial de Psicologia

de Catalunya. https://www.copc.cat/