Psychosocial risks in the workplace

Work related stress, arising from aspects related to conditions and organization of work, has a negative impact on the physical and psychological health of the workforce, as well as on the effective functioning of organizations. 

Currently psychosocial risks are one of the main causes of work-related accidents and illness. For this reason, the identification and assessment of psychosocial risks in the workplace is one of the main challenges to be addressed in terms of both the health of workers, and that of the organizations in which they are employed.

Data de publicació: 
05.01.18

What are psychosocial risks in the workplace?

Some definitions of psychosocial risks in the workplace are presented in order to facilitate a better understanding of how they may be identified and assessed.

European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
Definition of psychosocial risks and stress in the workplace given on the website of the EU-OSHA.
Psychosocial risk factors and hazards (OMS)
Definition of psychosocial risks and stress in the workplace, and access to associated documentation (WHO).
Riesgos psicosociales - ISTAS
Description of psychosocial risks in the workplace given on the website of the ISTAS.
Wikipedia - Psychosocial hazard
Definition of psychosocial risks given by Wikipedia in English.
Mental Health - Psychosocial Risk Factors in the Workplace
Definition of psychosocial risks in the workplace given on the website of the CCOHS.

Methodologies and tools for the assessment and prevention of psychosocial risks in the workplace

The main methodologies used internationally for the assessment and prevention of psychosocial risks in the workplace.

Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ)
Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ)
FPSICO. Psychosocial factors. Assessment method. V. 3.1.
Version 3.1 of the F-PSICO questionnaire for assessing psychosocial factors.
Method for the assessment and prevention of psychosocial risks CoPsoQ PSQCAT (version  2)
Catalan version of the COPSOQ method for the assessment and prevention of psychosocial risks (Version 2).
Implementation guide for the CoPsoQ PSQCAT (version 2)
Manual for applying the COPSOQ method for the assessment and prevention of psychosocial risks.

International and national bodies

A selection of websites of the main bodies related to the identification and assessment of psychosocial risks in the workplace in the context of Catalonia, Spain and internationally.

World Health Organization (WHO)
World Health Organization (WHO)
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Website of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA).
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Website of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE).
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS)
Website of the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS).
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo (INSHT)
Psychosocial risks portal of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (INSHT).
Departament d'Empresa i Coneixement
Website of the Government of Catalonia's Ministry of Business and Knowledge.
Instituto Sindical de Trabajo, Ambiente y Salud (ISTAS)
Website of the Trade Union Institute of Work, Environment and Health (ISTAS).
Observatorio de riesgos psicosociales. UGT
Website of the Psychosocial Risk Observatory of the Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT).
WoNT. Prevención Psicosocial y Organizaciones Saludables. Universitat Jaume I
WoNT. Prevención Psicosocial y Organizaciones Saludables. Universitat Jaume I

Regulations and reference texts

A selection of the main national and international regulatory legislation relating to psychosocial risks in the workplace.

Law 31/1995, for the prevention of workplace risks
Law 31/1995, for the prevention of workplace risks
Ley 54/2003, de reforma del marco normativo de la prevención de riesgos laborales.
Law 54/2003, on the reform of the regulatory framework for the prevention of workplace risks.
Framework Agreement on Work-Related Stress (2004)
Framework Agreement on Work-Related Stress (2004)
Psychosocial risks in Europe: Prevalence and strategies for prevention
Psychosocial risks in Europe: Prevalence and strategies for prevention
Factores y riesgos psicosociales, formas, consecuencias, medidas y buenas prácticas
Report on psychosocial factors and risks written by the researchers Bernardo Moreno and Carmen Báez from the UAM