Open access

What is open access?

The open access (OA) movement is the outcome of the electronic publishing facilities and Internet. This movement advocates permanent, free access, without restrictions imposed by certain exploitation rights, to scientific, academic and educational contents with the goal of fostering their accessibility and impact for the benefit of science and society.

International declarations about open access:

Open access benefits

  • Increased visibility of scientific literature.
  • Increased impact of publications: increase in citations of authors and publications.
  • Perpetual access to documents.
  • Easy retrieval of contents published in open access.
  • Guaranteed preservation of research results.
  • Increased visibility of institutions.

Open access publishing strategies

Self-archiving: green route

Self-archiving in institutional repositories, such as the O2, or in thematic repositories, enables the following:

  • Publication of a copy of the articles (published and reviewed).
  • Publication of the version sent (preprint), accepted (postprint) or published (publisher's PDF).
  • Access to publications with the possibility of free access, embargoed access or restricted access.

In the case of scientific publications, you must consult the self-archiving policies of the publishers where you have published your works:







Open-access journals: gold route

The gold route consists of publishing in journals that do not charge any subscription fee for access to the articles, but which have business models that enable them to cover their publishing expenses (for example: an author pays to publish in open access). 


Hybrid model

With the hybrid model, the journals publish the articles with immediate open access after the author or institution owning the articles has paid a fee to finance access.

The open-access institutional repositories

What is an institutional repository?

According to the definition given by Crown (2002) for the Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) in The Case for Institutional Repositories: A SPARC Position Paper, an institutional repository is “a digital archive of the intellectual product created by the faculty, research staff, and students of an institution and accessible to end users both within and outside of the institution, with few if any barriers to access. In other words, the content of an institutional repository is:

  • Institutionally defined;
  • Scholarly;
  • Cumulative and perpetual; and
  • Open and interoperable."

Cooperative repositories in which the Virtual Library takes part

  • TDX, doctoral theses on the Web
  • RACO, open-access Catalan journals 
  • RECERCAT, Catalonia's research depository
  • MDX, teaching materials on the Web

The Library takes part in Strategic line 3 (enhance the development and use of the digital library 2.0, Internet and the social media) of the Network of University Libraries (REBIUN) and coordinates this network's Repository GT.

Repository directories 

  • OpenDOAR - The Directory of Open Access Repositories
  • The Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR)