Bibliographic citation

Resources for finding out how to cite a bibliographic reference correctly, plus applications that generate citations automatically.

How should you cite sources? Here is some general advice.

How to cite a document

Bibliographic citations must contain a series of elements that are set out by the ISO 690:2010 standard. Besides the rules set out by this standard, there are other more usual styles and guidelines depending on the subject area. We provide information about and access to the most relevant ones.

References according to the ISO 690 standard
Practical guide to English usage. Bibliographical references section.
Bibliographic citation (Catalan Government)
It provides guidelines to address any questions that may arise in writing papers, reports or other documents.
ISO 690 standard for references
International standard for references of all types of resources on all types of supports.
APA citation style
Proposed by the American Psychological Association, it follows the author-data format for citing works.
ASA citation style
This style uses the parenthetical format for references, including the year of publication.
Chicago Manual of Style
This style defines the guidelines for writing notes, the bibliography and the author-data format.
Harvard citation style
This is the style of citation that uses parentheses for in-text citations
IEEE citation style guide
Guide for citing references in the fields of electronics, telecommunications and computer engineering.
MLA citation style
This style uses the author-page format for in-text citations. It is the most widely- used style in linguistics.
NLM citation style
Most widely-used style in health sciences that follows the numbered-list-of- references format.
Vancouver system
Estil que segueix el format autor-número per a les citacions internes i una llista numerada al final del document.
Mendeley citation guides
Consult the Mendeley citation guides to find out the differences between the APA, MLA and Harvard styles

How to cite images

A selection of resources on how to cite the images we use in academic papers, articles, etc. We use a wide-ranging definition for image: photographs, paintings, drawings, pictures, diagrams, graphics, etc.

A guide on how to use images in academic work produced by the University of Cantabria Library.
A guide on how to use images in academic work produced by the University of Cantabria Library.
A guide on how to cite images produced by the University of Washington Libraries.
A guide on how to cite images, one of the Research Guides produced by the University of Washington Libraries.

How to cite social networks

A selection of resources on how to cite the social networks we use in academic papers, articles, etc. 

Examples of different ways of citing information from social media.
Eina que permet referenciar una piulada.
Mendeley web citation guide
Consult the Mendeley citation guides to find out how to cite websites, blogs, tweets, etc.

How to cite data

Data must be cited in the same way that we cite other bibliographic information sources, such as articles or books.

Data Cite
Organization that seeks to help the research community locate and cite research data.

Automatic citation resources

These applications can be used to search for documents (books, articles, etc.) and automatically generate the corresponding bibliographic citations.

WorldCat
Online catalog of OCLC.
Bibme
Automatic citation creator.
OttoBib
Automatic citation creator
Cite-O-Matic
Automatic citation creator