What is the publishing process?

1. Submitting your article

When submitting an article to a journal, a number of aspects need to be considered:

  • Consult the guide with instructions for authors provided by each journal. This guide provides information about the article's length and structure, the format of the tables and figures, the citation style and how to write the bibliographical references, etc.
  • Check that you have complied with all the ethical aspects required by the publisher, for instance, plagiarism, conflicts of interest, data source and conformity, etc. It may be useful to consult the document published by the Committee on Publication Ethics, "Cooperation between research institutions and journals on research integrity cases: guidance from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)".
  • Make sure that you agree to the journal's policy regarding the treatment of copyright.

2. Getting to know the peer review process

When an article is reviewed and accepted for publication, it goes through a process in which different people are involved in different phases.

Types of peer review

  • Single-blind: the reviewers' names are not revealed to the authors.
  • Double-blind: neither the reviewers know the authors' names nor the authors know the reviewers' names.
  • Open peer review: both the reviewers know the authors' names and the authors know the reviewers' names.

The peer review process






3. Publishing research data

Publishing research data is interesting, as it is a way to give more visibility to the research performed. In this case, the whole data management process is important.


How are the data described? 

The data's description must include the information required to understand and analyse our data and/or reproduce the results in 20 years' time.

Each dataset must be referenced and named. The description of each dataset should include the following information:  

  • Origin of the data: whether the data are generated within the project or are collected. If the data are collected, indicate the source they have been taken from.
  • Typology and format of the research data (observational, experimental, computational, etc.).
  • The metadata standard that will be used must be identified.
  • The metadata that will be used to describe the data must be defined.


Where can research data be deposited?

To select a repository where the research data can be deposited, we recommend you take into account the following considerations:

  • Thematic field (there are multidisciplinary and thematic repositories) and geographical scope
  • Identify which type of data you have (software, images, raw data, etc.).
  • Identify whether the data are open, embargoed, restricted or closed.
  • Take into account the approximate size of the data files.
  • Take into account the licence under which you want to disseminate the data.
  • Identify whether it is necessary to use permanent identifiers (DOI, Handle).

With this information, it is recommended to consult the repository directory  re3data.org and filter according to interests (thematic field, country, etc.).

Comparative chart of multidisciplinary repositories for open access data


What are the legal aspects concerning data protection?​

The protection of personal data includes the protection of people's basic rights and freedoms applied to a RDI project, and their protection against possible use by unauthorized third parties


What are the ethical aspects concerning data protection?

Ethical aspects concern the data that can be shown, the time spent and the anonymity of the people involved, respecting dignity and integrity in order to guarantee privacy and confidentiality.

Resources and related documentation: