Portada Language and culture
Global flows and local complexity

Foreword ....X
Michael Byram

Acknowledgements ....XIII

1 Language and Culture in a Global Perspective ....1
Introduction: Inseparability of Language and Culture? ....1
Language and Culture: Generic and Differential ....2
An Analytical Distinction between Language and Culture ....5
Foreign- and Second-language Teaching: An Illustrative Vantage Point ....6
The Concept of Foreign Language and Transnational Mobility ....7
First Language and ‘First-language Culture’ ....9
The Whorfian Hypothesis: First Language vs. Foreign / Second Language ....11
Culture in Relation to Language vs. Language in Relation to Culture ....12
Overview of This Book ....16

2 Tour de France in German Language Teaching: A Preliminary Analysis ....19
Introduction ....19
Tour de France in German Language Teaching ....19
Linguistic Practice ....20
Cultural and Linguistic Context ....21
Cultural and Linguistic Content ....22
Tour de France: A Multidimensional Relationship between Language and Culture ....23
Tour de France: An Element of the Spread of Language and Culture in the World ....24
The Nationalisation of Language Studies ....26
The Internationalisation of Language Studies: Denationalisation? ....28
Conclusion ....30

3 The Concept of Culture: An Introduction ....32
Introduction ....32
The Concept of Culture: Hierarchical, Differential and Generic ....32
The Concept of Culture in European Cultural History: An Ancient Metaphor ....34
Intersections between the Two Sets of Culture Concepts ....37
The Concept of Language in European Cultural History ....38
Concepts of Culture in Anthropology ....39
Practice-oriented Concepts of Culture and Cultural Studies ....48
Conclusion ....51

4 Language, Nation and Culture: The German Tradition ....54
Introduction ....54
The Concept of Nation With or Without a Linguistic Criterion ....54
The Concept of Nation With a Linguistic Criterion: Central and Eastern Europe ....55
Johann Gottfried von Herder ....56
Wilhelm von Humboldt ....58
Herder, Humboldt and National Romanticism ....60
Conclusion ....61

5 Cultural Complexity ....64
Introduction ....64
Ulf Hannerz: The Two Loci of Culture and the Cultural Process ....64
American and European Sources of Inspiration ....66
The Global Ecumene ....67
Four Frameworks of Cultural Flow ....68
Hannerz vs. Friedman ....69
Conclusion ....72

6 A Sociolinguistic View of Language ....74
Introduction ....74
Linguistic Practice ....74
Linguistic Resources ....79
The Linguistic System as a Discursive Construction ....81
The Loci of Language: 2 + 1 ....84
Conclusion ....85

7 Linguistic Flows and Linguistic Complexity ....88
Introduction ....88
Linguistic Flows in Social Networks ....88
‘Linguistic Flows’ or ‘Language Spread’? ....90
First Language/Early Second Language vs. Foreign Language / Late Second Language ....92
Flows of First Language or Early Second Language ....93
Flows of Foreign Language or Late Second Language ....94
Textual Flows ....96
Lexical Flows ....96
Global Flows and Local Complexity: Danish and Denmark ....97
Linguistic Complexity and Homogeneity in Language Teaching ....100
Conclusion ....107

8 Languacultural Dimensions ....110
Introduction ....110
Michael Agar: Languaculture ....110
Paul Friedrich: Linguaculture ....114
Languaculture: Three Cultural Dimensions of Language ....114
The Loci of Languaculture: 2 + 1 ....119
Languaculture in Linguistic Practice ....119
Languaculture in Linguistic Resources ....124
Languaculture in ‘The Linguistic System’ ....128
The Whorfian Hypothesis and the Concept of Languaculture ....131
The Term ‘Languaculture’ ....133
Conclusion ....134

9 Discourse and Double Intertextuality ....137
Introduction ....137
A Concept of Discourse that is Content-oriented, Yet Still Linguistic ....137
A Non-differential Concept of Language ....139
Double Intertextuality ....140
Translation of Discourse from Language to Language ....142
Discursive Resources ....144
Order of Discourse ....145
Conclusion ....146

10 Cultural Contexts ....149
Introduction ....149
The Linguistic Concept of Context ....149
Cultural Context Seen As a Complex Historical Macro-context ....152
First-language Context, Foreign-language Context and Second-language Context ....154
Cultural Contexts in Language Teaching ....155
Life Context ....156
Does 'Language' Have a Cultural Context? ....157
Conclusion ....159

11 Cultural Contents ....161
Introduction ....161
Cultural References and Representations: Internal and External ....161
Cultural References and Cultural Words ....163
Internal Cultural References: Are Language and Culture Inseparable? ....166
Cultural Representations ....167
Internal Cultural Representations: Are Language and Culture Inseparable? ....168
Cultural References and Representations in Language Teaching ....169
Does ‘Language’ Have a Cultural Content? ....170
Conclusion ....171

12 Linguistic, Discursive and Cultural Flows ....173
Introduction ....173
Linguistic Flows ....174
Discursive Flows ....176
Cultural Flows ....179
Tour de France: A Local Integration Process ....180
Conclusion ....183

13 The Language-Culture Nexus ....185
Introduction ....185
The Communicative Event ....185
The Language-Culture Nexus: A Local Integration ....186
The Language-Culture Nexus: Convergent or Divergent? ....187
Objective and Subjective Dimensions of the Language-Culture Nexus ....189
Language-Culture Nexuses at Higher Levels ....189
The Core of the Language-Culture Nexus: Reference to Reality ....191
Conclusion ....192

14 Language and Culture: A Multidimensional Relationship ....194
Language and Culture: Separability and Inseparability ....194
Implications for Language and Culture Pedagogy ....196
Further Perspectives ....198

References ....201

© Biblioteca de la UOC